A Listing of Fossil Sharks and Rays of the World

Copyright 1999 George S. Williams










Adnet, S. & Cappetta, H.  2003 "A palaeontological and phylogenical analysis of the Squaliform Sharks ..." Lethania, No.3,

Vol. 33, Oslo pp.234-248

Andres, Lutz  & B. Frentzel-Beyme 2000"Carcharodon versus Carcharocles?"  Elasmoskop magazine, Dec. of the D.E.G.

pp23-26(English Translation)

Applegate, Shelton P.   1978 "Pyletic Studies; Part I Tiger Sharks" Univ.Nal.Auton. Mexico, Inst. Geologia Revista, vol.2,

num.1 pp.55-64

Applegate, Shelton P. & Luis Espinosa-Arrubarrena. 1996 “The Fossil History of Carcharodon and Its Possible Ancestor,        

Cretolamna: A Study in Tooth Identification” Great White Sharks The Biology of Carcharodon carcharias.

Academic Press, Inc.  pp.19-36

Aguilera, O. & D.R. Aguilera 2001 “An Exceptional Coastal Upwelling Fish |Assemblage in the Caribean Neogene”

                Journal of Paleontology, 75(3) pp. 732-742

Arambourg, C. 1952 “Les Vertebres Fossiles des Gisements de Phosphates (Maroc-Algerie-Tunisie)” Service Geol. Maroc.,      

Notes et Mem., 92

Bardet, N., H. Cappetta et. al. 2000 “The marine vertebrate faunas of the late Cretaceous phosphates of Syria

Geologic Magazine 137(3) pp 269-90

Baut, Jean Paul & Betran Genault 1995 “Contribution a L’etade des Elasmobranches du Thanetian(Paleocene) du Bassin de      

Paris” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 278, Brussels, pp.185-259

Baut, Jean Paul & Betran Genault 1999 “Les Elasmobranches des Sables de Kerniel (Rupelian), a Gellik, Nord Est de la                

Belgique” Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Belgium, N.45

Benton , Michael J. , Samir Bouaziz , Eric Buffetaut , David Martill ,Mohamed Ouaja , Mohamed Soussi , Clive Trueman

2000"Dinosaurs and other fossil vertebrates from fluvial deposits in the Lower Cretaceous of southern Tunisia"

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 157 (2000) pp.227–246

Biddle, Jean Pierre Mezozoic Activity http://perso.wanadoo.fr/temp22/mesozoic_activity/home.html

BIOSIS-Index to Organism Names http://www.biosis.org/free_reources/ion.html

Black River Fossils http://www.blackriverfossils.org/index.aspx

Bourdon, Jim Introduction to Elasmo.Com. http://www.elasmo.com/

Bosch, M. van den 1981 “Elasmobrachii from Limonitic Sandstone of Sidlo Gorne, near Szczein, Poland”

Meded. Wertgr. Tert. Kwart. Geol., Vol.18(3), Rotterdam, Sept.‘81, pp. 127-131

Bosch, M. van den 1984 “Oligocene To Recent Cetorhinidae(Vertebrata, Basking Sharks); Problematical Finds of Teeth,            

Dermal Scales and Gill-Rakers” Meded. Tert. Kwart. Geol., Vol.21(4), December, Leiden, pp 205-232

Brinkman, Donald B.; Anthony P. Russel; David A. Eberth & Jinghua Peng 2004 "Vertebrate Palaeocommunities of the lower

Judith River Group of Southeastern Alberta, Canada" Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 213, pp.295-313

Brito, Paulo M.  & Philippe Janvier 2002 "A ptychodontid (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii)from the Upper Cretaceous of

South America" Geodiversitas 24 (4) : pp.785-790

Brown, Robin C. 1988 Florida’s Fossils-Guide to Location, Identification and Enjoyment. Pineapple Press, Sarasota, FL

Candoni, L. 1993 “Decouverte de Parasymbolus cutevillensis gen.cf.sp.nov.(Scyliorhinidae-Elasmobranchii) dans le                   

Kimmeridgien del Normandie, France” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional        

Paper 264, Brussels, pp 147-156

Candoni, L. Selacienss & Paleontologie (France) http://paleontologie.chez.fiscali.fr 

Cappetta, H. 1970 “ Les selaciens du Miocene de la regon de Montpellier” Palaeovertebrata memoire extraordinaire, Public      

uver le concours de centre national de la Recherche Scientifique, Montpellier, France (plates & English translation)

Cappetta, Henri 1981 “Additions a la Faune de Selachiens Fossiles du Maroc ...”  Geobios, N.14, fase 5, Octobre pp.563-575

Cappetta, Henri 1981 “Sur la Decouverte Des Genres Ischyrhi8za et Ptychotrygon(Selachii, Batmorphii) Dans Le Cretace           

Superior de Vendee(France)” Geobios, N.14, fase 6, Decembre pp.807-12

Cappetta, Henri 1983 “ Selaciens Nouveaux, Chondricthyes, Neoselachii) du Paleocen superieur de la region d’Ouarzazate,       

Maroc” Palseontologische Zeitschrift Abt.22, 67(1/2), June, Stuttgart pp 109-122

Cappetta, Henri 1986 “Un Noveau Genre de Selacien(Batomorphii, Myliobatiformes) de L’Ypresian des Ouled Abdoun,             

Maroc” Geobios, N.19, fase 5, Octobre pp.635-40

Cappetta, H. 1987  “Chondrichthyes II. Mezozoic and Cenozoic Elasmobranchii” Handbook of Paleoichthyology, vol 3b.          

Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart-New York

Cappetta, Henri 1992 “Carcharhiniformes Nouveaux(Chondrichthyes, Neoselachii) De L’Ypresien du Bassin de Paris”                

Geobios, N.25, fase 5, pp.639-46

Cappetta, H., C. Duffin & J. Zidek  1993 “Chondricthyes” The Fossil Record 2 Chapman & Hall pp. 593-608

Cappetta, Henri & Dirk Nolf 1981 “Les Selachiens de l’auversion de Ronquerolles (Eocene Superieur du Bassin de Paris)”

Meded. Wertgr. Tert. Kwart. Geol., Vol.18(3), Rotterdam, Sept.‘81, pp. 87-107

Cappetta, Henri & Sylvain Adnet 2001 “Decouverte du genre actuel Trigonognathus(Squaliformes:Emoptoridae) dans le           

Lutetien des Landes …” Paleontologische Zeitschrift Abt4, 74(4), February, Stuttgart pp 575-81

Cappetta, Henri & Gerard R. Case “Additions aux faunes de selaciens du Cretace du Texas” Palaeo Ichthyologica (Abstract)

Case, G.R. 1967 Fossil Shark and Fish Remains of North America. Grafco Press, New York City

Case, Gerard R. 1979 “Additional Fish Records from the Judith River Formation(Campanian) of Montana” Geobios, N.12,          

fase 2, April, pp.223-33

Case, G.R  1980 “A Selachian Fauna from the Trent Formation, Lower Miocene(Aquitanian) of Eastern North Caroliana”

                Palaeontographica Abt.A, Bd.171, Nov.80, pp.75-103

Case, G.R  1981 “Late Eocene Selachians from South-Central Georgia” Palaeontographica Abt.A, Bd.176, Nov.81,


Case, G.R. 1982  A Pictoral Guide to Fossils. Van Nostrand Rheinhold, New York, NY

Case, Gerard R 1994 “Fossil Fish Remains from the late Paleocene Tuscahoma and early Eocene Bashi Formations of  

Meridian, Lauderdale County, Mississippi” Palaeontographica Abt A, Bd.230, April, Stuttgart pp 97-138

Case, Gerard R. 1996 “A New Selachian Fauna from the Lower Hornerstown Formation(Early Paleocene, Montian) of                  

                Monmouth County, New Jersey” Palaeontographica Abt. A, Bd. 242, November, Stuttgart, pp 1-14

Case, G.R. et al 1996 “A Middle Eocene Selachian Fauna from the White Mountain Formation of the Kizylkum Desert,                

Uzbekistan, C.I.S.” Palaeontographica, Abt.A, Bd.242, December’96, Stuttgart, pp. 99-126

Case, Gerard R. & Henri Cappetta 1990 “The Eocene Selachians Fauna from the Fayum Depression in Egypt”

Palaeontographica Abt.A, Bd.212, June, ‘90, Stuttgart, pp.1-30

Case, Gerard R., Tim T. Tokaryk & Donard Baird 1990 “Selachians from the Niobraia Formation of the Upper Cretaceous            

(Coniacian) of Carrot River, Saskatchewan, Canada” Canadian Journal of Earth Science Vol.27, pp. 1084-1094

Cicimurri, David J. 2001 "Cretaceous Elasmobranchs of the Greenhorn Formation, Western South Dakota" Proceedings of the

6th Fossil Resource Conference, Geologic Resources Division Tech. Report, NPS/NRG/GRDIR/01/01

Cione, Alberto Luis 1986 “Anew Megascyliorhinus (Chondrichthyes, Galeomorphii) from the Middle Tertiary of Patagonia”     

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol. 6, No. 2, June, pp. 105-122

Cione, Alberto Luis; et.al 2000 "Miocene Vertebrates from the Entre Rios Province, Eastern Argentina"


Coates, M.I. & S.E.K. Sequeira, 2001 “ A New Stethacanthid Chondrichthyan from the Lower Carboniferous of Bearsden,          

Scotland”  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21(3) pp. 363-366

Craig, Jim Fossils from the Albian(Gault Clay and Uppermost Lower Greensand) of Kent,UK http://www.gaultammonite.co.uk/

Cuny, Gilles, Michel Martin et. al. 1998 “A new neoselachian shark from the Upper Triassic of Grozon(Jura, France)”

Geological Magazine 135(5) pp 657-68

Cuny, Gilles et. al. 2000 “Teeth of enigmatic neoselachian sharks and an ornithishian dinosaur from the uppermost Triassic       

of Lons-le-Saunier(Jura, France)”  Palseontologische Zeitschrift Abt.9, 74(1/2), May, Stuttgart pp 171-185

Cuny, Gilles; Oliver Riepel & P.Marten Sander 2001 "The Shark Fauna from the Middle Triassic(Anisian) of North-Western

Nevada" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 133(4), pp285-301

Cvancara, Alan M. & John W. Hoganson 1993 “Vertebrates of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) North and South             

Dakota” Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol.13, No. 1, March, pp. 1-23

Delsate, D. 1995 “Chondricthyes mesoziques du Grand Duche de Luxemborg” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian          

Geological Society Professional Paper 278, Brussels, pp. 11-21

Delsate, D. & P. Goderfroit 1995 “Chondricthyens du Toarcien inferieur d’Aubange(Lorrane belge) Elasmobranches et              

Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 278, Brussels, pp. 23-43

Delsate, D. & D. Thies 1995 “Teeth of the Fossil Shark Annea THIES, 1983(Elasmobranchii, Neoselachii) from the       

Toarcian of Belgium”Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 278,   

Brussels, pp.45-64

Delsate, D. 2000 Les premiers mammiferes et la diversite des vertebres du Trias superieur au Grand-Duche de Luxembor et    

en Lorrain http://www.paleontology.be

Delsate, D. & L. Candoni 2001 “New Batomorphii dental morphotypes from the Toarcian(Early Jurassic) of the Paris Basin        

(France, Belgium, Luxembourg)” B ull. Soc. Nat. Luxemb. (Abstract)

Delsate, Dominique 2001"Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic)Icthyofauna From Lorraine And The Ardennes (France): First

Results" (French w/ English Abs.) Musée national d’Histoire naturelle de Luxembourg

Delsate, Dominique, Christopher J. Duffin & Robi Weis 2002"A New Microvertebrate Fauna From The Middle Hettangian

(Early Jurassic) Of Fontenoille (Province of Luxemborg, South Belgium)" Memoirs Of The Geologic Survey Of Belgium

N. 48 - 2002

Diverson Les Phophorites du Nord de l’Afrique (Maroc et Tunisie)

Downs, J.P. & E.B. Daeschler “Variation within a Large Sample of Agelodus pectinatus Teeth(Chondrichthyes) from the           

Late Devonian of Pennsylvania, USA”  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21(4) pp.811-814

Duffin, C.J. 1993 “ Late Triassic sharksteeth(Chondricthyes, Elasmobranchii) from Saint-Nicholas-de-Port(north-east   France)”

 Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 264, Brussels, pp. 7-32

Duffin, C.J. 1993 “New Record of the Phoebodontid chondrichthyan Thrinacodus ferox(Turner, 1982) from the             

Carboniferous of England” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 264,        

Brussels, pp. 1-6

Duffin, C.J. 1993 “The palaeospinacid shark “Synechodus” jurensis SCHWEIEMER, 1964 from the Late Jurassic of                     

Germany” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 264, Brussels,

pp. 157-174.

Duffin, C.J. 1993 “Teeth of Hybodus(Selachii) from the Early Jurrasic of Lyme Regis, Dorset(southern England):          

preliminary note” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 264, Brussels,        

pp. 45-52

Duffin, C.J. & D. Desalte 1993 “The age of the Upper Triassic vertebrate fauna from Attert(Province of Luxemborg,                     

Belgium)” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 264, Brussels, pp. 33-44

Duffin, C.J. & Dominique Sigogneau-Russel 1993 “Fossil Shark Teeth from the Early Cretaceous of Annoud, Morocco”

                Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 264, Brussels, pp. 175-190

Duffin, C.J. & D.J. Ward 1983 “Neoselachian Shark Teeth from the Lower Carboniferous of Britain and the Lower Permian         

of the USA” Paleontology Vol.26, Part1, pp.93-110

Durrin, C.J. & D.J. Ward 1983 “Teeth of a New Neoselachian Shark from the British Lower Jurrasic” Paleontology Vol.26,          

Part 4, pp.837-844

Duffin, C.J. & D.J. Ward 1993 “ The Early Jurasic Palaeospinacid sharks of Lyme Regis, souther England” Elasmobranches      

et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 264, Brussels, pp. 55-102

Duffin, Christopher J. 2001 "The Hybodont Shark, Priohybodus d'Erasmo, 1960(Early Cretaceous, Northern Africa)"

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 133(3), pp.303-308

Duncan, M. 2003 “Early Carboniferous Chondrichthyan Thrinacodus from Ireland, and a Reconstuction of Jaw Apparatus”

                Acta Paleontologica Polinica Vol.48(1) pp. 113-122

Duncan, Mags 2004 "Chondrichthyan genus Lissodus from the Lower Carboniferous of Ireland" Acta Palaeontologica

Polinica 49(3) pp.417-428

Dutheil D. B., Moreau F. & Delhaye-Prat V. 2002.  "Deposition cycle and vertebrates from a little known formation of the

Paris Basin,the Sables de Bourguillemont unit (Oise, France) (Upper Paleocene)" French w/ English Abstract               

Elliot, David K.; Randal B. Irmis; Michael C. Hansen & Thomas J. Olsen  2004 "Chondrichthyans from the Pennsylvanian

Naco Formation of Central Arizona" Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol.24, No.2 pp.268-280Geodiversitas 24 (4) : 753-764

Engelhard, Peter  Revolver Jaw : Shark Tooth Trading Site. http://home.netsurf.de/peter.engelhard/index.htm

Everhardt, Mike Oceans of Kansas Paleontology.  http://www.oceansofkansas.com

Everhart, Michael J. 2004 "First Record of the Hybodon Shark Genus Polyacrodus sp. from the Kiowa Formation of

McPherson County, Kansas" Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science Vol.107, No.1/2 pp.83-87

Everhart, Michael J. & Michelle K. Darnell 2004 "Ocurrence of Ptychodus mammilaris in the Fairport Chalk Member of the

Carlisle Shale of Ellis County, Kansas" Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science Vol.107, No.3/4 pp126-130

Ferrusquia-Villafranca, Ismael, Shelton P. Applegate & Luis Espinosa-Arrubarrena 1999 "First Paleogene Selachifauna of the

Middle American-Caribbean-Antillean Region, La Mesa de Copoya, West-Central Chiapas, Mexico-Systematics and

Paleontological significane" Revista Mexican de Ciencias Geologicas volumen 16, sumere 2, pp. 155-174

Fossil Sharks from Transylvannia http://www.geocities.com/fossil_sharks_from_transylvania/Page_2.html

Kannenberg, Marco Fossilien auz Espenhain http://www.squatina.de

Gayet, Mireille, et.al. 2001 "Middle Maastrichtian Vertebrates from Pajcha Pata(Bolivia)..." Palaeogeography,

Palaeoclimatology and Palaeocology Vol.169, no.1-2 pp. 39-68

Gillete, David D. 1984 “A Marine Ichthyofauna from the Miocene of Panama, and the Tertiary Caribbean Faunal Province”        

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol. 4, No. 2, October, pp. 172-186

Ginter, Michal & Alexander Ivanov 1992 “Devonian Phoebodont Shark Teeth” Acta Geologica Polinica , 39, 1, pp.55-75

Ginter, Michal 2001 “Chondrichthyan biofacies in the Late Famennian of Utah and Nevada” Journal of Vertebrate     

Paleontology 21(4) pp.714-729

Ginter, Michal 2002 “Chondrichthyan Fauna of the Frasnian-Famenian boundry beds in Poland” Acta Palaeontologica

Polinica 47(2) pp. 329-38

Ginter, Michal 2002 “Taxanomic notes on ‘Phoebodus helserorum’ and Symorium reniforme(Chondrichthyes, 

Elasmobranchii)” Acta Palaeontologica Polinica 47(3) pp. 547-555

Ginter, Michal; Vachik Hairapetian & Christian Klug 2002 "Famenian Chondrichthyans from the shelves of Northern

Gondwana" Acta Geologica Polinica Vol.52, No.2 pp.164-215

Glickman, L.S. & A.O. Averianov 1998 “Evolution of the Cretaceous Lamnoid Sharks of the Genus Eostriatolamia”      

Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal Vol.32 No.4 Interperiodica Publishing, Moscow (abstract)

Gonzales-Barba, Gerardo & Detlev Thies 2000 “Asociaciones Faunisticas de Condrictos en el Cenozoico de la Peninsula de      

Baja California, Mexico” XVIII Simposio Subrela Geologica de Latinoamerica: Resumenes extendidos,

                Profil 18:1-4, Stuttgart, Germany

Gottfried, Michael D. & Joseph A. Rabarison 1997 “First Mezozoic Gondwanan Record of a Sawshark ( Chondrichthyes,

                Pristiophoriformes) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar” Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol.17, No. 4,

December, pp. 750-751

Gottfried, M.D., J.A. Rabarison & L.L. Randriamiarimanana 2001 “ Late Cretaceous elasmobranchs from the Mahajanga              

Basin of  Madagascar”  Journal of Paleontology 75(3) pp. 732-744

Gottfried, M.D. & R.E. Fordyce 2001 “An associated specimen of Carcharodon angustidens (Chondrichthyes, Lamnidae)          

from the Late Oligocene of New Zealand, with comments on Carcharodon interrelationships” Journal of        

Vertebrate Paleontology  21(4) pp.730-739

Grande, Lance & Sankar Chatterjee 1987 “New Cretaceous Fish Fossils from Seymour Island, Antarctic Penninsula”   

Paleontology Vol.30, Part4, pp 329-337

Gravendell, Ronald, Wim Van Neer, & Dick Brinkhuizen 2002 " An Identification Key for Dermal Denticles of Rajidae from

the North Sea" Int. J. Osteoarchaeol. 12: 420–441

Grier, Richard, Jr. Before Time Collectibles. http://pages.hotbot.com/edu/notidanodon/index1.html

Grogan, Eileen D. & Richard Lund 2000  "Debeerius ellefseni (Fam. Nov., Gen. Nov., Spec. Nov.), an Autodiastylic

Chondrichthyan From the Mississippian Bear Gulch Limestone of Montana (USA), the Relationships of the

Chondrichthyes, and Comments on Gnathostome Evolution" Journal Of Morphology  243:219–245

Hampe, Oliver 1989 “Revision der Triodus(Chondricthyes, Xenacanthida) aus dem saarpfalzischen Rottiengenden …”

                Paleontologische Zeitschrift 63(1/2) Stutgart June pp. 79-101(German)

Hampe, Oliver 1995 “Plicatodus jordani: n.g, n.sp., a new xenacanthid shark from the lower Permian of Europe”

                Bulleting of the Museum Natural 4e ser 17 section C, n0 1-4 Paris 209-226

Mikko Haarmo, Basal Chondrichthyes                 http://www.fmnh.helsinki.fi/users/haaramo/Metazoa/Deuterostoma/Chordata/Chondrichthyes/Chondrichthyes.htm

Halter, Marc C. 1995"Additions to the Fish Fauna of N.W. England, 3 New Species of the Genus Scyliorhinus”

                Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 278, Brussels, pp. 65-109

Haut, W. 1985 “Haaietanden en andere Tertiaire visresten vit Kallo(Belgie)” GEA, Stichting Geologishe Aktaiviten, Vol.18,        

No. 4, December, pp 123-144

Heidlee, Ulrich H. & Bad Durkheim 1998 “ Revision de Gattung Orthacanthus AGASSIZ, 1843(Chondrichthyes,           

Xenacanthida)”  Palaeontologische Zeitschrift Abt 9, 72(1/2), May, Stuttgart, pp.135-147

Hendriks, Albert  Shark & Ray teeth and other fossils exchange site. http://home-2.worldonline.nl/~cb005095/

Hoganson, John W.; I.M.Erickson & F.D. Holand Jr. “Cartilagineous Fishes from the Fox Hills Formation (Cretaceous,               

Maastrichtian), North Dakota” North Dakota Geologic Survey

Hovestadt, D.C. & Maria Hovestadt-Euler 1995 “Additions to the Fauna of the Boom Clay Formation of Belgium         

(Rupelian, Oligocene) . . .” Elasmobranches et Stratigraphie Belgian Geological Society Professional Paper 278,         

Brussels, pp. 261-281

Hulbert, Richard C. 1992 “A Checklist of the Fossil Vertebrates of Florida” Papers of Florida Paleontology. Florida                   

Paleontological Society, Inc. Gainesville, FL No. 6, pp 1-36

Itano, Wayne M.; Karen J. Jouk & Martin C. Lockley 2003 "Chondrichthyans from the Pennsylvanian Minturn Formation of


Itano, Wayne M.; Karen J. Jouk & Martin C. Lockley 2003 "Fossil Sharks of the Rocky Mountains:Ctenacanthus and other

Chondrichthyqans Spines and Denticles"

Itano, Wayne M.; Karen J. Jouk & Martin C. Lockley 2003 “Ctenacanthus and other Chondrichthyan Spines and Denticles from              

the Midturn Formation(Pennsylvanian) of Colorado” Journal of Paleontology Vol.77(3) pp. 525-535

Itoigawa, Junjii et. al 1977 “Cretaceous Fossil Elasmobranchs from Japan(First Report) Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil              

Museum, Gifu, Japan, pp. 119-138

Itoigawa, Junji et. al 1985 “Miocene Fossils of the Mizunami Group, Central Japan, 3. Elasmobrachs” Monograph of the             

Mizunami Fossil Museum, Gifu, Japan

The Japanese Club for Fossil shark Tooth Research  http://www.odn.ne.jp/shark/index.htm

Karatajute-Talimaa, V.N. & L.I. Novitskaya 1997 “Sodolepis, a New Member of the Mongolepidida from the Lower Silurian

of Mongolia” Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal Vol.31 No.5 Interperiodica Publishing, Moscow(abstract)

Karasawa, Hiroaki 1989 “Late Cenozoic Elasmobranchs from the Hokuriku district, central Japan” Sci.Rep.Kanasawa Univ.       

Vol. 34 No. 1 pp. 1-57

Kemp, David & Liz Kemp & David Ward 1990 An Illustrated Guide to the British Middle Eocene Vertebrates. Privately            

Published, Kent, England

Kemp, Noel 1991 “Chondrichthyans in the Cretaceous and Tertiary of Australia” Vertebrate Palaeontology of Australasia.     

Pioneer Design Studios/Monash Univ. Publications Lillydale, Victoria pp. 487-568

Kent, Bretton W. 1994  Fossil Sharks of the Chesapeake Bay Region. Egan Rees & Boyer, Inc. Columbia, Maryland

Kent, Bretton W. 1999 “Rays from the Fisher/Sullivan Site” Early Eocene Vertebrtates & Plants from the Fisher/Sullivan        

Site (Nanjemoy Formation) Stafford Co., Virginia Virginia Bureau of Mineral Resources, Publication 152,    

Charlottesville, VA pp 39-52

Kent, Bretton W. 1999 “Sharks from the Fisher/Sullivan Site” Early Eocene Vertebrtates & Plants from the Fisher/Sullivan     

Site (Nanjemoy Formation) Stafford Co., Virginia Virginia Bureau of Mineral Resources, Publication 152,                    

Charlottesville, VA pp 11-38

Kent, Bretton W. & George W. Powell 1999 "Reconstructed Dentition of the Rare Lamnoid Shark Parotodus benedeni from the

Yorktown Formation at Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina" The Mosasaur 6, May pp.1-10

Keyes, I.W. 1982 “The Cenozoic sawshark Pristiophorus lanceolatus (Davis) (Order Selachii) of New Zeeland and Australia,    

with a review of the phylogeny and distribution of world fossil and extant Pristiophorides” New Zeeland Journal of   

Geology and Geophysics Vol.25 pp. 459-474

Kirkland, James I. & Martha Carolina Aguillon-Martinez 2002 “Schizorhiza: a unique sawfish paradigm from the Difunta             

Group, Coahuila, Mexico”  Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, v.19, num. 1, pp.16-24

Kocsis, Frank A. Jr. 1997 Vertebrate Fossils: A Neophyte’s Guide. Ibis Graphics, Palm Harbor, FL

Kriwet, Jurgen “Neoselachier(Pisces, Elasmobranchii) aus der Unterkreide (unteres Barremium) von Galve und

Alcaine(Spanien, Provinz Teruel)” (Abstract)

Kriwet, Jurgen 2003 "Neoselachian Remains(Chondrichtthyes,Elasmobranchii) from the Middle Jurassic of SW Germany and

NW Poland" Acta Paleontologica Polinica 48(4) pp.583-594

Long, Douglas J. 1993 "Preliminary List of the Marine Fishes and other Vertebrate Remains from the Late Pleistocene Palos

Verdes Sand Formation at Costa Mesa, Orange Co., California" PaleoBios Vol.15, No.1, May 24  pp.9-13

Long, John A. 1990 “ Late Devonian Chondrichthyans and other Microbertebrate Remains from Northern Thailand”  

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol. 10, No. 1, March, pp. 59-71

Long, John 1991 “The Long History of Australian Fossil Fishes” Vertebrate Palaeontology of Australasia. Pioneer Design

Studios/Monash Univ. Publications Lillydale, Victoria pp. 337-349

Lund, Richard Fish of the Bear Gulch  http://www.adelphi.edu/~lund/fishinfo.html

MacPhee, R.D.; M.A.Itarralde & Eugene S. Gaffney 2003 "Domo de Zaza, an Early Miocene Vertebrate Locality in South-

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