Butterfly gardening brings butterflies to your doorstep.
Luxurious foliage and bright flowers attractive to butterflies fill your yard.
plants enhance the microcommunity in your
landscape for butterflies, birds, and other wildlife.
Butterflies are attracted to nectar sources, or flowers that provide them with food. Nectar plants attract butterflies from the habitat that surrounds you.
Caterpillars, which metamorphose into butterflies, require special kinds of plants to feed upon. These are called hostplants. The food plants produce butterflies, and serve as their habitat.
Native plants, when put in a microsite suitable to their adaptations, will do extraordinarily well, require very little care, and will attract and produce numerous butterflies.
You can even set up a butterfly garden in a container on your patio! Plant these plants, and the butterflies will come.
Once your butterfly garden is set up, get to know their fascinating behavior and how they interact with other animals and the plants they depend upon. Here are some special ways to enjoy your butterfly garden.
Get the book that tells it all, Florida Butterfly Gardening
Find out about butterfly gardening workshops and
lectures near you.
Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed)
Asimina reticulata (Flatwoods Pawpaw). Zebra Swallowtail.
Bidens alba var. radiata (Spanish Needles)
Hamelia patens (Firebush)
Phyla nodiflora (Carpetweed,
Prunus umbellata (Flatwoods Plum)
Vaccinium myrsinites (Shiny-leaved Blueberry)
Agalinis fasciculata (Cluster-Leaf
Gerardia or False Foxglove) for Common Buckeye.
Asclepias or milkweed for Monarchs and Queens
Asclepias curtissii (Curtiss’ Milkweed)
Asclepias humistrata (Sandhill Milkweed)
Asclepias tomentosa (Velvet Leaf Milkweed)
Aristolochia or Dutchmen's Pipe for Polydamus and Pipevile Swallowtails
Beans for Long-Tailed Skippers
Canna for Canna Skippers
Canna flaccida is our native species with yellow flowers.
Cassia fasciculata (Partridge Pea) is a host plant for Little Sulphur, Cloudless Sulphur, Ceraunus Blue, and Gray Hairstreak.
Hackberry, Celtis laevigata (or Sugarberry) is a hostplant for the Snout Butterfly, Questionmark, Hackberry Butterfly, and Tawny Emperor.
Carrot family plants for Black Swallowtails (dill, parsley, and see our native Ptilimnium)
Passiflora or passionvine for Heliconians
Passiflora incarnata (Maypop) is a host plant for the Gulf Fritillary, Julia, Zebra Long Wing, and Variegated Fritillary.
Passiflora multiflora (Many Flowered Passion Flower) is good for the Gulf Fritillary, Julia, Zebra Long Wing, and Variegated Fritillary.
Passiflora suberosa (Corky-Stemmed Passion Flower) hosts the Gulf Fritillary, Julia, Zebra Long Wing, and Variegated Fritillary.
Persea or Bay trees for Palamedes and Spicebush Swallowtails
Persea borbonia (
Swamp Bay (Persea palustris).
Phyla nodiflora (Carpetweed,
Citrus plants for Giant Swallowtails, and also our native plants,
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (Hercules Club, Toothache Tree).
Zanthoxylum fagara (Wild Lime).
Don't use pesticides!
Dr. Minno offers workshops on butterfly
gardening at various locations around the
Florida Butterfly Gardening, by Marc and Maria Minno, is the definitive book on butterfly gardening in
, useful throughout the southern Florida . To order, contact the University Press of Florida, United States 15 NW 15th Street, Gainesville, FL 32603, (352)392-1351.
Florida Butterfly Gardening is the only complete guide to butterfly
All photos and information on this website are copyright Marc and Maria Minno.
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